Fishing freshwater for Yellow Perch is actually quite easy once you have located them. These small fish belong to the panfish species and are mainly seen inhabiting lakes and rivers throughout the United States of American. Yellow Perch swim in large schools and are often photographed swimming in groups of fish that vary in size, big and small. To fish successfully for Yellow Perch the angler has to know a little about their habits and habitats.
Yellow Perch are rapacious eaters and grow to an average size of about 6 to 9 inches in length. Some Yellow Perch are bigger in size around 10 to 12 inches long. Experienced anglers know that once they hit on a school of Yellow Perch, there is more than one to be caught. Yellow Perch prefer deeper waters versus shorelines where the temperature averages around 66-72 degrees Fahrenheit. This fish forages only during the day time and prefers to lie low at night. For this reason, fishing freshwater for Yellow Perch is a daytime affair.
Catching Yellow Perch in freshwater does not involve a great deal of skill or experience. For this reason Yellow Perch are great for beginners looking to step up from Bluegill fishing. Fishing for Yellow Perch does not require elaborate equipment or fishing tackle. Keep in mind that fishing rods used for fishing Yellow Perch should be kept as light as possible. The fishing rod used must be extremely sensitive to the slightest bites since Yellow Perch are quite adept at striking very lightly and quickly. Purchase a light to medium action fishing rod with spinning or casting reels in combination with 4 to 8 sized hooks to catch these small yet pretty fish. Thinness of the fishing line also matters. A low visibility fluorocarbon line works well, due to the fact that it is rather invisible to the Yellow Perch.
Various types of fish bait are used while fishing for Yellow Perch. For those anglers who prefer artificial lures, a light lead head or jig head works just fine, particularly a skirted lead-head also called a mini jig. A Minnesota tear drop, which comes in a variety of colors, is also very popular as a Yellow Perch fish bait. Trolling or drift fishing may require a heavier lead head, slip-sinker, lure or small spinner rig. Live bait like small minnows, night crawlers, and garden worms are also used to fish for Yellow Perch and work well with a bobber and a small hook.
Fishing for Yellow Perch doesn't require a lot of experience. However, even if you have the perfect fishing rod, line, lure, hook, bait and weather conditions, success often depends on how well you are able to locate the fish and present the bait. Do not be disheartened if you find that fishing for Yellow Perch is rather slow because, once you locate a school and get the first bite, more fish bites will follow. While fishing offshore for Yellow Perch you may also catch Black Crappie, Bluegill, Chain Pickerel and an occasional Largemouth Bass depending upon the bait that you fish. If larger fish do bite your hook often, you may favor a medium action rod over a light one. Did we mention that Yellow Perch are tasty to eat?